Maedeh Pourfathollah Mohammadhavad Mahdavinejad Mojtaba Ansari Hosna Shams dolatabadi Maryam Arbab


User-oriented design is a method in which user's needs and comfort are met along with his comfort in design process. Lighting of some buildings and urban elements is done for the purpose of attracting audiences in urban nightscape, however the expectations of the users are not thoroughly met. In this paper, user expectations from nightscape are investigated through visual and perceptual attention approach and it's far beyond visual comfort. Therefore, the key question is around; what are the factors affecting user oriented nightscape lighting based on attention?

To answer the research question, two places of nightscape with different visual elements in Ab va Atash park are selected. Using survey and eye-tracking techniques, the relationship between different variables of visual attention and attention restoration as perceptual dimension was obtained. Also, by determining the visual preferences, the relation between lighting the elements of landscape with promoting the nightscape based on attention approach was investigated. Finally, a conceptual model of user oriented nightscape based on user attention is presented.




User oriented nightscape lighting (UONL), Attention, Visual perception, Attention restoration theory

[1] E.Lee,Kate.et.al, (2015) 40 second green roof views sustain attention: The role of micro-breaks in attention restoration, Journal of Environmental Psychology42 18-189
Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. (2002).Exterior lighting guideline.
[2] Johansson, et.al (2013), perceived outdoor lighting quality (POLQ): A lighting assessment tool, journal of Environmental psychology (1-8)
[3] Nikunen,H,et.al(2014),perceived restorativeness and walkway lighting in near-home environments, journal of lighting research and technology ,vol 46,(308-328)
[4] Fotios.S.A&Cheal.C (2007). Lighting for subsidiary streets: Investigations of lamps of different SPD.part2-Brightness.lighting Research and Technology 39.(233-252)
Knight.c, (2010). Field surveys of the effects of lamp spectrum on the perception of safety and comfort at night. Lighting Research and Technology 42.(313-329)
[5]Vidovszky-Nemeth.A. &Schanda.j. (2012) White light brightness-luminance relationship. Lighting Research and Technology 44.(55-68)
[6] Gonzalez, M.T.; Hartig, T.; Patil, G.G.; Martinsen, E.W.; Kirkevold, M. Therapeutic (2010) horticulture in clinical depression: A prospective study of active components. J. Adv. Nurs.
[7] Kaplan, S. (1995) the restorative benefits of nature: Toward an integrative framework. J. Environ .Psychol.
[8] Kaplan, R.; Kaplan, S (1989) the Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective; Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.
[9] Korpela, K.; Borodulin, M.; Neuvonen, O.; Paronen, L.; Tyrväinen, L. (2014) Analyzing the mediators between nature-based outdoor recreation and emotional well-being. J. Environment. Psychology.
[10] Kruciena, N., Ryana, M., Hermensb, F. (2017).Visual attention in multi-attributes choices: What can eye-tracking tell us? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 135, 251-267.
[11] Hartig, T.; Korpela, K.; Evans, G.W.; Gärling, T. (1997) A measure of restorative quality in environments. Scand. Hous. Plan. Res.
[12] Wiebe, A., Kersting, A., Suslow, T. (2017). Deployment of attention emotional pictures varies as a function of externally-oriented thinking: An eye tracking investigation. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 55, 1-5.

Most read articles by the same author(s)